WHAT IS LYME

Lyme disease is a bacterial infection transmitted by a tick to a human.

Some cases of Lyme disease are easily treated with antibiotics if caught early and properly diagnosed. Unfortunately, some cases of Lyme disease are not caught early and severe, debilitating symptoms can result. Lyme disease is considered by some to be one bacteria (borrelia burgdorferi) but it is now known that multiple strains of Lyme bacteria exist and often in the very ill patient the presence of other co-infections contribute to the long term symptoms. All of these issues need to be addressed in the Lyme patient.

Borrelia

Burgdorferi

Bacteria

Early Lyme Disease Symptoms

If Lyme disease is not diagnosed and treated early, it can turn into chronic Lyme disease. Symptoms of early Lyme disease may include:

Flu-like symptoms, including fever, chills, muscle aches, nausea, joint pain

Bell's Palsy facial drooping

Rashes often appear in a bulls eye shape. Many develop a different type of rash or none at all

Late Stage or Chronic Lyme Disease Symptoms

Consult the Mayo Clinic website for Later Signs and Symptoms, as well as Less Common Signs and Symptoms of Lyme disease.   

Fatigue

Cognitive

Impairment

Joint

Pain

Poor 

Sleep

Mood 

Problems

Muscle

Pain

Neurological 

Presentations

Bell's

Palsy

Lyme Disease Mimics

Chronic Lyme disease often mimics other conditions and leads to the difficulty of an accurate diagnosis. Many Lyme patients report being misdiagnosed with a different condition before being properly diagnosed with Lyme disease.

Alzheimer's Disease

Lupus

Multiple Sclerosis

Parkinson's Disease

ALS

Chronic Fatigue

Fibromyalgia

Rheumatoid Arthritis

Prevention of Lyme disease and other tick-borne diseases

Enjoy the outdoors by taking these steps to protect yourself and your family from ticks.

Routinely conduct full-body tick checks on yourself and children after being outdoors.

Check your pets and all of your gear for ticks.

Avoid wooded and bushy areas with high grass and leaf litter. Walk in the center of trails.

Wear long pants, long sleeved shirts, light-colored clothing (to spot ticks), a hat (tuck in hair), and enclosed shoes. Also cover your wrists and ankles, and tuck your pants into your socks.

Use repellents that contain 20 to 30% DEET on exposed skin and clothing for protection that last up to several hours.

Treat clothing and gear with products containing PERMETHRIN. Pre-treated clothing is available and may provide longer-lasting protection.

Bathe after coming indoors to wash off loose ticks that are crawling on you.

Tumble clothes in a dryer on high heat for an hour to kill remaining ticks.

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